Charminar in HyderabadThe Charminar, constructed in 1591 AD, is a monument and a Muslim place of worship situated in the metropolis of Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. The Charminar is an icon of Hyderabad as the Leaning Tower of Pisa is of Italy or the Big Ben Clock Tower is of London.
The Charminar of Hyderabad is widely reckoned and named among the most recognized monumental structures of India. The Charminar is one of the most illustrious tourist sites and one among the frequently visited monuments of India. The place attracts visitors from all around the world throughout the year.
Location of CharminarThe Charminar, the stupefying representative of Islamic architecture is located on the east bank of Musi River (branch of Krishna River in the Deccan Plateau running through the state of Andhra Pradesh). In the northeastern side of the structure lies the very old popular bangle market Laad Bazaar and in the west end direction lays the oldest masjids of the state Mecca Masjid.
History of CharminarMuhammad Quli Qutb Shah, the fifth sultan of the Qutb Shahi dynasty of Golkonda whose sovereignty is regarded as one of the eminent periods of the Qutb Shahi dynasty constructed the majestic structure of Charminar in 1591 AD. Later the sultan had changed over his home base from Golkonda to present day Hyderabad city. Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah constructed the far-famed Charminar to memorialize the riddance of a plague epidemic from the region.
The sultan is supposed to have prayed for the end to the plague epidemic that was devastating his region and committed to establish a Muslim place of worship. On the other hand, various accounts exist throughout the history that offers different chronicles to the construction of this royal structure of Charminar. The significance of the Charminar is that the city of Hyderabad was planned holding Charminar as a prime point as the city was extended around the Charminar.
Architecture of CharminarThe Charminar is basically a four-sided construction with each side 65.6168 feet long, with four elegant and refined arches each facing a primal point. Each nook features a delicately shaped slender tower with balconies, 183.727 feet high. Each slender tower is topped by a bulgy dome with exquisite flower petal like patterns.
The Charminar's four delicately shaped slender towers are constructed in association with the primary structure. This sensational construction is a perfect illustration of richness of stucco works and placement of balustrades (railing at the side of a stairway or balcony to prevent people from falling). The Charminar features 149 stairs to arrive at the top floor.
The Charminar was constructed using mortar (mixture of lime or cement, sand and water that sets firmly), limestone and powderized marble. At the start, the structure with its four slender towers was so proportionally designed that as from the fort, it is easy to get a look around the city of Hyderabad as these towers were facing up the imperial streets of the area.
A masjid is situated at the western side of the exposed roof, and the continuing division of the roof functioned as a court during the reign of Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah. The primary gallery contains almost 45 mushallas (prayer spaces) with a prominent open space ahead to hold large crowds for Jumu'ah (Friday prayers). The place also features a cistern with a modest fount for ablutions (ritual washing) before offering prayers in accordance with conventions.
Charminar - Quick Facts:Entry Fee: Rs. 5
Timings: 9.00 AM - 5.00 PM (throughout the year)
Duration of visit: 2 to 3 hours
Facilities: Camera/Video allowed, lockers, lavatories
Highlights: Visitors can enjoy the panoramic view of Hyderabad from the Charminar.
Nearby Places of Interest:
- Mecca Masjid (0.09 km from Charminar)
- Laad Bazaar (0.21 km from Charminar)
- Chowmahalla Palace (0.5 km from Charminar)
- Nehru Zoological Park (3.8 km from Charminar)
- Qutub Shahi Tombs (9.8 km from Charminar)
Andhra Pradesh Tourism Development Corporation (APTDC)
Corporate Office, Tourism House, No. 3-5-891, Himayatnagar,
Hyderabad - 500 029
Telephone: (040) 2326 2151, 2326 2152, 2326 2153, 2326 2154, 2326 2157
How to Reach Charminar:APSRTC buses can be taken from any point within the city of Hyderabad. Autos, Share autos and cabs are the other modes of transport to get to Charminar with no trouble.
- Bus Number 8, 8A starting from Secunderabad
- Bus Number 9, 9B starting from Sanathnagar
- Bus Number 65 starting from Tolichowki
- Bus Number 71 starting from Uppal
- Bus Number 78 starting from LB Nagar
- Bus Number 87 starting from Nampally