Mosquitoes are insects (belonging to the order Diptera, family Culicidae ) , have got over
3500 species worldwide and are important in public health because of the bloodsucking
habits of the females. They are one of the deadliest animals in the world. Female mosquitoes’
mouthparts form a long piercing-sucking proboscis. Because of their blood sucking habits,
mosquitoes are acting as vectors and are responsible for dreaded diseases like yellow
fever, Zika fever, malaria, filariasis, Japanese encephalitis and dengue. Knowledge of
identification of species, ecology and breeding sites of mosquitoes, is therefore necessary to
have effective control.